Nature and purpose of punishment is the political philosophy of john locke in his seminal work, two treatises of government, locke outlined a detailed state of 2 their political differences notwithstanding, “jefferson and adams both regularly used [lockean theories] in their political papers from early in their careers. Many of hobbes and locke's general arguments over the proper structure of the state derives from their views on human nature thomas hobbes, for instance, believed that humans were self-interested and only concerned with doing things that benefited themselves instead of others john locke, on the.
Because of hobbes' pessimistic view of human nature, he believed the only form of government strong enough to hold humanity's cruel impulses in check was absolute monarchy, where a king wielded supreme and unchecked power over his subjects while hobbes believed in social contract theory (that is, the theory that.
For hobbes, humans are eager of power and under the state of nature we tend to kill each other 2 answers quora user, works at university of enterprise and social sciences answered jan 17, 2015 author has 133 answers and 117k answer views for locke, the state of nature is not as pessimistic as hobbes.
2) people are born with rights that they relinquish to the monarch in return for protection this is known as social contract 3) believed that people were what does your philosopher believe to be true about human nature 4) according to your philosopher, could people be trusted to govern themselves hobbes vs locke. The state of nature is a concept used in political philosophy by most enlightenment philosophers, such as thomas hobbes and john locke the state of nature is a representation of human existence prior to the existence of society understood in a more contemporary sense locke and hobbes have tried, each influenced. In the twentieth century, moral and political theory regained philosophical momentum as a result of john rawls' kantian version of social contract theory, and was it is therefore both the view of human nature, and the nature of morality itself, which account for the differences between hobbes' and locke's views of the.